What makes a Roman Catholic a Catholic? A Protestant a Protestant? As in theology doctrine or dogma For a Eastern orthodox does the following apply? Is it a belief that when Jesus was crucified he was either punished a bit harder than he deserved or he was punished adequately enough not too lightly but not overly cruelly. Is it true Eastern Orthodox Christians hold the opinion he didn't deserve to be beaten and flogged more than he was and most importantly despite his transgressions Jesus deserved to be put to death humanely. How do Catholics think Jesus Christ deserved to be treated during the walk to his crucifixion? Isn't that the main difference between Roman Catholic, Protestant West and East churches?