Friends, I'm wondering if anyone would like to discuss Universalism and its consequences in theology? For many years I was a convinced "ECT" Christian: a believer of "eternal conscious torment". It is the most predominant vision of Hell in Christendom. Essentially, those who die in sin or are somehow unacceptable to God will burn forever in a lake of fire, or are spiritually tortured by God's holy presence. This state is everlasting, experienced consciously, and cannot be changed. Recently, reflecting on the message that "God is Love" in 1 John 4, I've been having a conflict about this. It seems to me that there are five views of Hell: 1. ECT (fire & brimstone) 2. Annihilationism (sinners & demons will cease to exist) 3. Human Universalism (all men will be saved) 4. Cosmic Universalism (all persons will be saved, even the fallen angelic ones: demons and Satan) 5. Indifferentism (all will be saved because all religions are equivalent) Indifferentism seems impossible in the context of the message of our Lord Jesus about God. Cosmic Universalism is practically equivalent to Human Universalism, since we can't really affect what happens to the demons by preaching the Gospel to them, so it's not meaningful. So we are left with: 1. ECT 2. Annihilationism 3. Universalism Do any of you have thoughts?