Discussion in 'Non-Anglican Discussion' started by Aidan, Jul 5, 2018.
What are the main theological differences?
I assume that you mean Eastern Orthodox, Aidan. I used to be Orthodox, and the differences include not accepting the Bishop of Rome as head of the Church (they see all bishops as equal, with the Bishop of Rome as "first among equals" at most), they have a Cyprianic view of the sacraments, rather than Augustinian, they reject Purgatory as it is normally understood by Catholics, and there are others as well. This Wikipedia article covers most of them:
What many people often don't realize is that the Eastern Catholic churches, e.g., Byzantine Catholic, Melkite, etc., follow many of the practices of the Eastern Orthodox, so often, when someone says, "Catholics do such-and-such," they are actually referring to Roman Catholics, not the Eastern Catholics. The Eastern Catholic churches, however, are part of the Catholic Church, and under the Pope.
At the Union of Brest, an occasion when some of Ruthenian Orthodox churches entered into union with Rome, they were allowed to leave out the filioque (an addition that Rome made to the Nicene Creed), and they were not required to accept the Roman views regarding purgatory:
Since the Orthodox are not a single church under a single leader, they do have some differences regarding their attitudes towards Rome. The Roman Catholic Church considers Orthodox sacraments to be valid and will commune Orthodox. The Russian Orthodox Church has traditionally accepted Roman clergy that convert by simply vesting them, but some of the other Orthodox Churches would re-ordain them. The Patriarch of Constantinople has had good relations with recent Popes, while the fundamentalist monks on Mt. Athos tend to be more hostile towards Rome.
Food for thought. Thank you Pete
My pleasure, Aidan. Hope it was helpful.
Very much so , until now I thought "the union of breast' referred to female solidarity!!!
Aside from the filoque and Papacy vs. Patriarchs debates?
I think most of the theological differences are relatively minor compared to these two- they still keep us out of communion with one another, but these two are the "big ones".