Well, that's your experience and no one can dispute it. Can you describe in a little more detail exactly what has happened to your family? My data point is, other than a couple of very old bigoted relatives who've since died (one made it to 105), I haven't known people who demonstrated bigotry against minorities. The churches I've been in have been multiracial, and everyone acted loving and welcoming toward everyone else. I work in a multiracial environment that includes blacks, Asians, and Hispanics, and I only see people being treated like ordinary, decent humans. I think the US has done a tremendous job of reducing racial injustice over the past 50 years, a much better job than some other countries. Keep in mind that way more than 1/2 of our current black residents came to this country voluntarily, and they continue to come because they see the US as a land of opportunity for them. My wife and I became friends with and socialized with a black couple and their 3 sons; they moved to the US from Nova Scotia and would tell us stories about how much worse they were treated there than here. My wife did a stint in the '70s as a summer exchange student to West Germany, and she says some of the Germans she knew were so bigoted they'd literally call black people "monkeys" and throw bananas at them. I don't know if they are still that way now, but I can say I've never seen anything of the sort in the past 4 decades in the US. As for criminal sentencing lengths, I'd guess that income disparity might be a factor: those who can't afford a lawyer and wind up with a public defender might be the ones who ultimately receive longer sentences overall. There will always be some idiots out there who haven't gotten the memo that racism and bigotry aren't okay. The unfortunate thing is, any time these idiots act out (uncharacteristically), the media's reaction is to say, "See, these incidents prove the existence of systemic racism," even though they may just be isolated incidents. If it's as bad as the media and certain politicized groups say it is, I wonder why I'm not seeing it personally on a regular basis.