Dictionary Definition g1577. ἐκκλησία ekklēsia; from a compound of 1537 and a derivative of 2564; a calling out, i.e. (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both): — assembly, church. AV (118) - church 115, assembly 3; a gathering of citizens called out from their homes into some public place, an assembly an assembly of the people convened at the public place of the council for the purpose of deliberating the assembly of the Israelites any gathering or throng of men assembled by chance, tumultuously in a Christian sense an assembly of Christians gathered... The Book of Hebrews throws some light upon how the writer viewed the Israelite assembly/ecclesia/the church, regarding the role Christ played in redeeming it, and of course the New Testament church, [ which has an even better Covenant ] which he goes on to explain in 11 succeeding chapters. He quotes the Christ quoting Psalm 22, thus: For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, [ the entire OT and NT church ] should make the founder of their salvation [ both OT and NT ] perfect through suffering. [ Referring obviously to Christ i.e. His suffering, not ours] For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. [i.e. God ] That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers, saying, “I will tell of your name to my brothers; - (who are his brothers)? [ Mark 3:33-34 ] These are Jews/Israelites/church, [ Mark 3:35 Jesus could point to them and those like them, so presumably He certainly was truthfully accepting them as brothers]. in the midst of the congregation - [the KJV has church for (ecclesia/ congregation) ] - I will sing your praise.” [ This clearly referred to the Israelite ecclesia. ] And again, “I will put my trust in him.” [ Isa.8:17 NIV ] And again, “Behold, I and the children God has given me.” [Isa.8:16-18 TLB ] Since therefore the children [ of Israel ] share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, [ became mortal ] that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil, and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery. [ past Israel ]+[ future church ]&[ All this refers to past Israel and points only to the present and future 'children' that God will now give also to Christ as he has already done for His past brothers and sisters. All those God had given Him and will yet give Him ] For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham. [ offspring here obviously refers to this: [ Josh.24:3, 1 Chron.16:13, Ps.105:6, Gen.17:9-14 ] Therefore he [ Christ Jesus ] had to be made like his brothers in every respect, [ mortal ] so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. Heb.2:10-18. I don't see any other valid interpretation of this passage from Hebrews, written to Hebrews for the education of Hebrews, but also valid for us Gentiles. .