Let's imagine that you are under the jurisdiction of a notoriously heretical Bishop who is very open about rejecting the existence of the devil, rejecting the divinity of Christ and who worships literal idols under the guise of "ecumenism". Roman Catholics have several documents that makes it relatively easy to resist and reject him. Satis Cognitum (slightest deviation from the faith = you are cast out from the body of the Church), Mortalium Animos (equates interreligious gatherings with apostasy) and Cum Ex Apostolatus Officio which gives the laity the allowance to reject a notoriously heretical Bishop, Cardinal and Pope. A Church Father has this view: “I do not recognize as bishop—I would not count among Christ’s clergy—a man who has been promoted to a chief post by polluted hands, to the destruction of the faith.” -- St. Basil the Great Under the Arian Crisis you've had virtually no orthodox Bishops since the majority were Arian or Semi-Arian. I have found one vague reference in an old Catechism of the 39 Articles which would allow a layperson to withdraw his allegiance from a church if it defected. Can Anglicans reject the jurisdiction of a notoriously heretical Bishop who hasn't been removed from office? Can Anglicans remain outside the jurisdiction of any Bishop for a prolonged amount of time (due to lack of orthodox Bishops) without incurring the status of a schismatic?