What do Anglicans, particularly Anglo-Catholics, think of using birth control or sterilization within marriage, not to limit the number or frequency of children, but to avoid having children altogether? As late as 1948, the Bishop of Canterbury spoke on behalf of the entire Church of England, saying that deliberately childless marriages were not marriages at all and could be annulled. I read some report from an Anglican-Roman Catholic dialogue which may have been from even later than this that expressed the same view, on behalf of the Anglican tradition. In 2000, the Bishop of Rochester said that married couples have a duty to have children, though he didn’t go so far as to deny the validity of deliberately childless marriages, and stressed that it was his personal opinion. What do Anglicans of 2020 think of the issue? I’m particularly asking for the opinions of Anglo-Catholics, because that is the stream of Anglicanism I am most interested in, and because the Anglo-Catholics are interested in upholding patristic views, and I doubt ANY of the Fathers would have supported a deliberately childless marriage (though they were nearly unanimous in the view that married sex without the specific intent of procreation was sinful, a view which NO CHURCH today, not even Rome, affirms). The Declaration of Intent used for Anglican/Episcopalian weddings still requires the couple to recognize that their church teaches that one of God’s purposes for their marriage is the raising of children “when it is God’s will.” Could a couple say, “We’ve discerned that it’s not God’s will for us, so we’re going to always prevent it by getting sterilized or always contracepting?” Or does affirming that it may be God’s will mean that you can do nothing to prevent it? I guess it depends on whether you think God’s will can be done through your own contraceptive actions. I understand that, in practice, the vast majority of laypeople and clergy have no problem with deliberately childless marriages. I even read something in the marriage materials on the Episcopal Church’s website about couples deciding “whether” to have children, not “when.” But I’m wondering what faithful/conservative Anglicans, particularly Anglo-Catholics, think. Is a deliberately childless marriage a contradiction?